In this issue I will expand on the interview I gave to International Investor Buy Vibramycin online without prescription, on terrorist threats in Latin America, and other interviews in response to my alert on the threat from residents in Trinidad and Tobago (T&T) and Guyana against the US in June.
Many Latin Americanists believe there is no risk of a terrorist attack in Latin America, claiming the threat from T&T and Guyana was not actionable, which it was. San Diego, California. Dallas, Texas. San Antonio, Texas, They believe Latin American governments have more serious issues to tackle, and the terrorists are occupied in the Middle East, the European Union (EU) and the United Kingdom (UK). To them, terrorism in Latin America is an afterthought, Indianapolis, Indiana, San Francisco, California, if at all, to terrorists outside the region.
The same analysts indicate poverty alleviation, Rx free Vibramycin, elimination of corruption, improvements in education and technical capacitation, competitiveness, and corrections to income disparities are the issues that demand attention and action in the region, not terrorism, order Vibramycin no prescription. I agree with the seriousness of these issues, buy Vibramycin online without prescription. However, we can’t overlook that the poverty, lack of opportunity, 0.4mg, 0.5mg, 1mg, 2.5mg, despair, and social and political alienation experienced daily by the disaffected in Latin America can be manipulated as triggers of terrorism attacks against US interests in the region, or against governments that support the policy objectives of the US in the region and internationally.
Terrorists in the UK and the Middle East are often wealthy and educated professionals. By contrast, Vibramycin pharmacy, the history of Latin America’s transnational criminal organizations (TCOs) shows that a majority of their founders and members come from among the poor and the uneducated. In Latin America, the professional, Indianapolis, Indiana, San Francisco, California, middle and upper classes joined, or collaborate with, the TCOs when the economic and power rewards created by the TCOs were too high to ignore. While terrorists in, from, or inspired by, buy cheap Vibramycin, the Middle East respond to a higher calling or political ideal, Latin Americans respond to the monetary gains and access to power the TCOs give.
Terrorism Typology and Latin America©Buy Vibramycin online without prescription, Since 9/11, intelligence and political analysts view world terrorism through the prism of al-Qaeda and the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. I believe the application of the al-Qaeda model of terrorism, Buy no prescription Vibramycin online, based on responding to a higher calling and guaranteed admission into paradise, is misleading in analyzing terrorism elsewhere. It is more so when evaluating the possibility of terrorist threats in Latin America.
My study of TCOs in Colombia, and their interconnection with similar groups in Latin America and the world, Vibramycin from canadian pharmacy, led me to create a typology of terrorism. My research indicates there are four types of terrorism:
- High intensity
- Moderate intensity
- Low intensity
Latin America falls under categories 3 and 4, with Colombia experiencing moderate-intensity terrorism from the 1980s to the end of the 1990s.
High-Intensity Terrorism (HIT): This is the terrorism experienced in Iraq, Order Vibramycin online overnight delivery no prescription, Afghanistan, the Gaza Strip, Somalia, and other places where there is a war and almost daily terrorist attacks on government forces and civilians. The use of IEDs (improvised explosive devices) is prevalent. So is institutional failure, political ineffectiveness, where can i buy Vibramycin online, corruption by law enforcement and government, large internal migration (displacement), and migration to neighboring countries or abroad.
Moderate-Intensity Terrorism (MIT): This is the terrorism experienced in the UK, Spain, the US during 9/11, India, Pakistan, Indonesia and other countries where attacks by known terrorist groups, or inspired by them, happen on a sporadic basis. Terrorists use IEDs, government is effective to some degree, corruption is non-existent or low, there is internal order, or a semblance of it, as in Pakistan. Colombia lived under MIT during the “Pablo Wars” (attacks on civilians by the cocaine cartel of Pablo Escobar) and during the wars of the AUC (Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia) against civilians, the Ejército de Liberación Nacional (ELN), and the Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC), buy Vibramycin online without prescription. San Diego, California. Dallas, Texas. San Antonio, Texas,
Low-Intensity Terrorism (LIT): This is the terrorism experienced in Colombia and, possibly, Lebanon today. Massacres that terrorize cities or groups of people into colluding with criminal groups happen sporadically. Corruption of law enforcement, the institution charged with protecting citizens from terrorist attacks, buy Vibramycin no prescription, is endemic. Selected terrorists may be brought to justice, but they continue to terrorize their victims while under investigation or during trial. Selected guerrilla attacks are common. Use of IEDs is selective and the threat of it becomes a coercive political tool. Named terrorist groups are allowed to act with impunity because collusion with government officials, armed forces, Reasons to buy Vibramycin online, and low enforcement protects them.
Latent Terrorism (LT): This is Latin America’s susceptibility to “bleed-out” – the search for recruits and targets by terrorist, or terrorist-affiliated groups, outside their own territory, such as al-Qaeda, australia, uk, us, usa, Hezbollah, Jamaat Islamyia, the FARCs, Buy generic Vibramycin, the AUCs, and Comando Vermelho (CV) and Primeiro Comando da Capital (PCC) in Brazil, affiliated with the FARCs.
LT is the confluence of economic, political, where can i order Vibramycin without prescription, social, and cultural factors that unite the malcontent, the alienated, 1000mg, 2000mg, the radical, and the disaffected with little reason for allegiance to country or the US. Buy Vibramycin online without prescription, Their circumstances make them susceptible to the entreaties of those with terrorist intentions against their own governments or the US interests in their country.
LT is personified in the Latin American terrorist who will attack, not in the name of God or because his/her act is the surest way to Heaven, but for economic and political motives. This I call “la regla del mejor pagador©” (the best payer rule). Whoever promises and delivers the most will find a loyal follower regardless of means and ultimate objective, buy Vibramycin online cod.
The rise of the Medellin and Cali cocaine cartels in Colombia proved the best payer attracts loyalty, despite the risks involved. The Medellin, Cali, Vibramycin for sale, and successor cartels rose to economic power and political influence not because their founders and followers were intrinsically morally defective, or because professionals in the US were clamoring for cocaine. The cartels rose because they offered, and delivered, the best economic opportunity for advancement, 650mg, 800mg, 875mg, 900mg, and gave social, economic, and political support. Boston, Massachusetts. Charlotte, Carolina, As with Hezbollah in Lebanon, the cartels often became an effective government within government, delivering at the local level what national governments could or would not provide.
Cartel members had no allegiance to country or social group, except their immediate family and the family created by the cartel, buy Vibramycin online without prescription. They saw the government as an impediment; the same impediment that had kept them and their ancestors in economic, political, Vibramycin snort, alcohol iteraction, and social neglect. They struck back, with a vengeance. The deleterious consequences in the Andes spread to the rest of Latin America. Today México is under siege by drug mafias; Rio de Janeiro is paralyzed by the same; São Paulo’s gang violence is cutting into its superior economic performance; and, Jacksonville, Florida, Columbus, Ohio, Colombia remains the world’s largest supplier of cocaine, mired in a drug-financed guerrilla war and cocaine-funded paramilitary forces.
I believe latent terrorist threats to the US in Latin America, or from Latin America, need to be taken seriously by governments in the region and the US. To do so, buy Vibramycin from mexico, they need to move from the terrorist model of the Middle East to a terrorist typology based on the economic, political, social, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Las Vegas, Nevada, and cultural characteristics that differentiate Latin America from the Middle East. The typology must also incorporate the ties the region has with the Middle East.
Latent Terrorism Threats in Latin America©
I predict LT will come to haunt the US in Latin America, and local governments, too. Buy Vibramycin online without prescription, Let me be clear. I don’t claim that every Middle Eastern, whether Arab, Muslim, Shia, Sunni, Persian, Syrian, Lebanese, or other, who lives in Latin America is a current or potential terrorist. Nor do I say that every poor, where can i buy cheapest Vibramycin online, dispossessed, displaced, or disaffected Latin American is, Online buy Vibramycin without a prescription, or could be, one. There are thousands of Lebanese, Syrians, Arabs and other Middle Easterners in Latin America who are successful political leaders, such as Colombia’s ex-president Julio César Turbay, buy Vibramycin online no prescription, and industrial leaders, such as México’s magnate Carlos Slim Helú. About 20 Colombians of Lebanese descendent served in the Colombian Congress in 2002-2204.
What I do say is that there are enough discontented in Latin America, Order Vibramycin online c.o.d, about 225 million, and a large enough number of Middle Easterners who may turn their disaffection and allegiance to other groups into associations with nefarious intentions against the US’s interests and its allies in the region. The drug trafficking, money laundering, arms running, and traffic-in-persons gangs in Latin America are connected with transnational criminal organizations throughout the world. Press reports indicate the some of the illegal, købe Vibramycin online, αγοράζουν online Vibramycin, laundered money that originates in Latin America helps finance the activities of terrorists in the Middle East, particularly Hezbollah and Hamas, and Jamaat Islamyia. Purchase Vibramycin online no prescription, In May 2007 al-Qaeda called for its followers to “attack the US anywhere in the world.” In August of 2002, the high command of the FARC directed its members and followers to declare war on the gringos in Colombia because the US had declared war on the FARC, and the FARC had the obligation to strike back. Add to this that Islam is one of the fastest growing religions in Latin America, and you probably have an explosive mixture to fuel latent terrorism. Spain’s al-Murabitun proselytizing group runs the fastest growing mission in Latin America, in México’s Chiapas State. Like other Muslim groups, Chicago, Illinois. Houston, Texas, it offers education, health care, and social inclusion, Austin, Texas, Memphis, Tennessee, something the followers of Comandante Marcos, the leader of the Zapatista Guerrilla Group, lack. Although no ties have been documented between the two groups, it is possible such a union will be created if circumstances call for it, or if it does not already exist. The lack of documentation does not mean there is no relationship, acheter en ligne Vibramycin, acheter Vibramycin bon marché.
As I see it, Latin America has four flash points where latent terrorism exists:
- The Triple Frontier (Tri-border Area – TBA)
- The Brazil, Colombia, Fort Worth, Texas. Denver, Colorado, Venezuela/Faja del Orinoco border
- The Maicao/Guajira/Maracaibo Lake region
- Tres Banderas - Three Flags, the tri-border area of México, Guatemala, and Belize
The TBA and the Maicao areas have large Middle Eastern populations, and there are about 1.7 million people in south west and southern Brazil who are, where can i find Vibramycin online, or descend from, the Middle East.
Corruption, commercial contraband, drugs and arms trafficking, and money laundering are key economic sectors in these flash points, buy Vibramycin online without prescription.
The Triple Frontier/Tri-border Area (TBA): Where Brazil, Japan, craiglist, ebay, hcl, Paraguay, and Argentina Meet
The US has a strong presence in the TBA whose major characteristic is a porous frontier. One can cross among the three countries with little notice and safeguards enforced by low-paid, bored, and untrained border patrol agents. Every day about 10,000 motor vehicles cross the border to and from Ciudad del Este - CDE (Paraguay) and Foz do Iguaçú (Brazil). Vehicles, Detroit, Michigan, San Jose, California, tourists, and local shoppers and merchants cross National Route 12 between Puerto Iguazú (Argentina) and Foz do Iguaçú (Brazil), using Tancredo Neves International Bridge over the Iguazú River, Buy Vibramycin from canada, often with the Tourist Information Office as the only control.
Depending on the exchange rate and the level of contraband activity, people cross the Iguazú River from Puerto Iguazú (Argentina) to Puerto Meira (Brazil) and vice versa dispensing with documents or licenses. There is minimum river-traffic control.
Large numbers of sacoleiros (retail shoppers from Brazil) traffic Ponte da Amizade (Friendship Bridge) to and from Brazil and Paraguay daily. At peak times only four customs agents man the bridge on each side, comprar en línea Vibramycin, comprar Vibramycin baratos. Buy Vibramycin online without prescription, The business and social culture of CDE, the largest city in the TBA, is conducive to contraband and money laundering; controls on money transfers and commerce are non-existent, or ignored routinely. CDE contributes about 40% of Paraguay’s GDP. An estimated 50,000 Muslims live in CDE. Order Vibramycin from mexican pharmacy, Their financing of Hezbollah, Hamas, and Gamaat Islamyia is well known. Estimates vary according to sources, but between US$10 and US$20 million go to Hezbollah, Vibramycin price, Hamas, and the Gamaat Islamyia yearly from the TBA. A local arms trafficker authorized in 2002 the use of US$30 million to purchase small arms and light weapons, buy Vibramycin online without prescription. For whom. Nashville-Davidson, Tennessee. Portland, Oregon, The case remains unresolved but transactions between some residents of the TBA and the FARC are documented by the Colombian government.
The Argentinean government requested the extradition from Paraguay to Argentina of the Argentinean Middle Easterners who bombed the Israeli Embassy in Buenos Aries in 1992. The same group allegedly destroyed AIMA, Argentina-Israeli Mutual Association, in 1994, Vibramycin in cats, dogs, children. Buy Vibramycin online without prescription, Argentina is also requesting the extradition of a high-ranking Iranian official accused of being the mastermind of both attacks through Hezbollah.
There is no reason to deny these acts were cases of LIT (low-intensity terrorism). Because Jews in Buenos Aires expect another attack on AIMA despite its fortification setup after the attack, AIMA now falls under LT (latent terrorism). Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Phoenix, Arizona,
Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela/Faja del Orinco border
Covered by SIVAM/SIPAM (Sistema de Vigilância da Amazônia or Amazon Surveillance System) to help Brazil counter drug trafficking and do environmental surveillance of deforestation, logging, and cattle raising in the Amazon, canada, mexico, india, it also covers the Colombian and Venezuelan border with Brazil, an open, uncontrollable border region. El Paso, Texas. Washington, D.C. Seattle, Washington, About 100 rivers traverse and serve as fluvial highways in the area covered by SIVAM/SIPAM, making it easy for the traveler to disappear among the jungle and Indian tribes in the area.
Across from Tabatinga (Brazil) is Leticia in Colombia, buy Vibramycin online without prescription. Leticia is a center of contraband and drug trafficking and is the Amazon port closest to the operations of the FARC. Fernandinho Beira-Mar, Brazil’s leading drug trafficker, was apprehended in the Leticia area and taken to Rio de Janeiro. From prison there he directs the operations of his gang, New York. Los Angeles, California, Comando Vermelho (CV). Beira-Mar testified to the arms-for-cocaine barter arrangement CV has with the FARC.
Michael Cuello Souza, another drug trafficker from Brazil, Buy cheap Vibramycin no rx, was arrested on the Colombo-Venezuelan border. He was charged with directing the guerrilla attacks against the military base of Coreguaje, in Colombia, and arranging for arms supplies for the FARC.
In November 2006 Hugo Chávez arrested a Muslim militant alleged to be working for Hezbollah in Venezuela. The arrested was a suspect in a presumptive attack on the US Embassy in Caracas. During questioning he said he had been ordered to attack the interests of the US in Venezuela, Vibramycin withdrawal,
Across from Colombia, on the other side of the Orinoco, is the Orinoco Basin (Faja del Orinoco) where Venezuela’s largest heavy-crude reserves lie. Buy Vibramycin online without prescription, Chávez took control of the fields and operations of oil multinationals on 30 June. Farmacia Vibramycin baratos, Vibramycin online kaufen, On his recent trip to Iran and Russia, Chávez signed agreements for Russia and Iran to explore in the Faja, thus replacing US investment. The Colombian government claims FARC guerrillas operate both in Colombia and in the Faja area. Given Chávez’s animosity against the US, buy Vibramycin without a prescription, it seems probable his government might be lenient with FARC’s activities, if they challenge US interests, or are detrimental to them. 5mg, 50mg, 75mg, 100mg, Besides arms trafficking, Venezuela’s Isla Margarita and Puerto Cabello are known centers of money laundering and traffic-in-persons (TIP) activities. Chinese TIP gangs are known to use Venezuela as a jumping point into Colombia, where Cali is a center of document forging entrepreneurs, buy Vibramycin online without prescription. From Cali, people are moved to Perú, using Leticia as a shipping point, kjøpe Vibramycin online, bestill Vibramycin online, and from Perú to the US. This opens the probability of terrorists from other countries to move into the US practically undetected thanks to the porous borders and the corruptibility of low-level functionaries in this region.
Maicao/Guajira/Maracaibo Lake Region
Maicao, Vibramycin coupon, on the tip of Colombia’s Guajira Peninsula and next to Maracaibo Lake, is a known center of contraband, drug trafficking, and arms running. Maicao was the center of the “Bonanza Marimbera,” the rise of the marijuana cartels in the late 60s and early 70s. From marijuana Maicao moved to the cocaine trade and its attendant lawlessness and corruption, 125mg, 150mg, 200mg, 250mg.
Maicao is significant in LT because it is home to about 8,000 Muslims whose major economic activity is off the books, despite efforts by the central government to impose tax collections and fiscal law. Buy Vibramycin online without prescription, Maico is home to the second largest Mosque in the Southern Hemisphere and has an active Madrassa. Purchase Vibramycin online, The US gets about 15% of its oil from Venezuela. Maracaibo Lake is one of the major operation areas of Petróleo de Venezuela (PdVSA). It is unsettling, to say the least, that such vital infrastructure is located just around an area where illegal Muslim activity occurs, buy Vibramycin without prescription.
It is estimated that Colombia’s TCOs receive between US$5 and US$7.5bn/year from drug trafficking. This is unregulated money the TCOs spend freely on luxury goods, country homes, and urban residences, Online buying Vibramycin, recruiting of members, and expansion and maintenance of their organizations.
In a country of 44 million, there are 3 million small arms and light weapons, or one for every 14 people. It is estimated that about 400,000 illegal weapons enter the country every year, with a cost of about US$175 to US$300/each, buy Vibramycin online without prescription. Since the average wage in Colombia is about US$350/month, it seems reasonable the common people are not buying arms.
There are 3.5 million people displaced internally, Vibramycin over the counter, with little assistance for redress, or reintegration, by the central government. This is a pool of people who have little to lose and much to gain from associations with the criminal activities of the TCOs, Baltimore, Maryland. Milwaukee, Wisconsin, since the legal economy refuses to employ them.
In Colombia there is also the threat of the narcoparapolítica scandal: the collusion of government officials with the AUC and, as yet uncorroborated, with the FARC. Rafael García, the head of IT of the DAS (Departamento de Asistencia Social), Vibramycin samples, the equivalent of the FBI, sold top-secret, military intelligence to the AUC. Rafael Noguera, Köpa Vibramycin online, Osta Vibramycin online, Jotta Vibramycin verkossa, head of DAS, was investigated and let free for allowing the penetration of DAS by the AUC and FARC’s sympathizers – all for money. Eight senators and congressmen are in jail for collaboration with criminal groups; 20 more are under investigation.
Tres Banderas: Where México, Belize and Guatemala Meet
Concerns about the security of the US southern border abound. But more troubling is the Mexican southern border, a no man’s land where geography and topography make it nearly impossible to patrol and control. Buy Vibramycin online without prescription, Belize is known for money laundering, contraband, and human trafficking. Many Central Americans come through the US by crossing the Guatemalan border or through the state of Mérida.
Corruption of law enforcement is endemic in México. It prompted President Calderón to dismiss 284 heads of the Agencia Federal de Investigaciones and the Policía Federal Perventiva, replacing them with members of the armed forces. However, there is too much money in illegal activities not to make participation in them attractive to low-paid officers.
The links between the drug cartels of México (Félix Arellano Organization and the Arriola Márquez Organization) with cartels in Colombia, and the association of these cartels with the Chinese, Russian, Japanese, and African gangs, create a network of potential allies of terrorists against the US.
Latin America does not appear on the map of terrorist attacks published by the Financial Times on 5 July 2007. There have been none. That is, if you qualify the massacres, kidnappings, bombings, and assaults of the AUCs and the FARCs as non-terrorist attacks, buy Vibramycin online without prescription.
But the probability does exist that the criminal element of Latin America, as well organized, cohesive, and financed as it is, may join with terrorists from other countries to hit the US in its own backyard, or worse, against his vital interests in a Latin American country where his freedom of action may be restricted, such as Venezuela, the Mexican side of the Gulf of México, and the Panamá Canal.
This is why I believe the US and its allies in Latin America need to be more vigilant than they now are. The need to work together to increase their efforts toward intra-regional border security, energy security, the security of critical infrastructure, the security of communications, and the security of food supplies. The US is the largest importer of agricultural products from Latin America. These are the economic interests where Latin American latent terrorists, or terrorists who might travel unimpeded through the region, can hit the US hard, from there or in US territory.
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