Buy Ultram online without prescription, In October 2007 the Southern Cone was focused on the election in Argentina of its first female president, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner. The central question was not whether she would be elected, which was a given, but how she would govern Argentina with her husband, sitting President Néstor Kirchner, in the background.
Her opponents believe she will be a placeholder for Kirchner's comeback as president in 2011 - the establishment of alternate presidencies, extending into the future, köpa Ultram online, Osta Ultram online, Jotta Ultram verkossa. I doubt it. Four years is a long time in politics, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Las Vegas, Nevada, particularly in Latin America. More so in Argentina with her history of booms and busts.
President-elect Fernández has a political history longer than her husband's. She was an effective senator and a formidable political strategist against his and her opponents. As president, her tests will be different from Kirchner's, buy Ultram from canada, who pulled Argentina out of political implosion and economic collapse. It will be difficult for Fernández to sustain Argentina's impressive economic performance of average growth of 7.3% in the last four years, New York. Los Angeles, California, as jitters in international markets continue and the world economy begins to cool. Her supporters, particularly labor unions, have pent-up demands that will require all her political skills to negotiate necessary decreases in public spending without creating public unrest.
Because Argentina has been one of Latin America's shinning stars after an unprecedented economic and political meltdown, købe Ultram online, αγοράζουν online Ultram, this issue offers and analysis of the challenges ahead for President-elect Fernández in four critical areas: the economy; energy insecurity; labor relations; and, Ultram samples, Argentina's foreign policy.
Maria Velez de Berliner, President, buy no prescription Ultram online, Latin Intelligence Corporation
email@example.com; Tel: 001-703-212-8589; www.lat-intel.com
Next posting 1-5 December 2007
Copyright © 2007 by Maria Velez de Berliner, Purchase Ultram online no prescription, President, Latin Intelligence Corporation, firstname.lastname@example.org, japan, craiglist, ebay, hcl, 001-703-212-8589. All rights reserved, Reasons to buy Ultram online, Reproduction and distribution by any means whatsoever is strictly prohibited.
In October 2007 the Southern Cone was focused on the election in Argentina of its first female president, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner. The central question was not whether she would be elected, which was a given, 650mg, 800mg, 875mg, 900mg, but how she would govern Argentina with her husband, Nashville-Davidson, Tennessee. Portland, Oregon, sitting President Néstor Kirchner, in the background.
Her opponents believe she will be a placeholder for Kirchner's comeback as president in 2011 - the establishment of alternate presidencies, extending into the future, buy Ultram online without prescription. I doubt it. Four years is a long time in politics, Indianapolis, Indiana, San Francisco, California, particularly in Latin America. More so in Argentina with her history of booms and busts. 1000mg, 2000mg,
President-elect Fernández has a political history longer than her husband's. She was an effective senator and a formidable political strategist against his and her opponents. As president, her tests will be different from Kirchner's, who pulled Argentina out of political implosion and economic collapse. It will be difficult for Fernández to sustain Argentina's impressive economic performance of average growth of 7.3% in the last four years, 400mg, 450mg, 500mg, 625mg, as jitters in international markets continue and the world economy begins to cool. Her supporters, Japan, craiglist, ebay, hcl, particularly labor unions, have pent-up demands that will require all her political skills to negotiate necessary decreases in public spending without creating public unrest.
Because Argentina has been one of Latin America's shinning stars after an unprecedented economic and political meltdown, this issue offers and analysis of the challenges ahead for President-elect Fernández in four critical areas: the economy; energy insecurity; labor relations; and, Ultram from canadian pharmacy, Argentina's foreign policy. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Phoenix, Arizona,
Many analysts see the resurgence of Argentina as an economic miracle that will continue for years to come, with only minor hiccups. However, I believe, where can i find Ultram online, President Néstor Kirchner's policies have sown the seeds of a future slowdown whose intensity will depend on internal forces President-elect Fernández can affect, Boston, Massachusetts. Charlotte, Carolina, and external factors over which she has neither influence nor control.
Impressive as the recovery has been, we can't forget it was fueled by expanding foreign demand for Argentina's exports, the bilking of bondholders by the government to the tune of about US$80bn; significant government spending; price controls on utilities; and, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Las Vegas, Nevada, Venezuela's purchase of US$5bn in Argentina's sovereign debt, Farmacia Ultram baratos, Ultram online kaufen, since Argentina is barred from international borrowing thanks to the default of 2001-2002.
It is unlikely the recovery can continue if there is a global slowdown and if President Fernández can't be as effective as president as she was as a senator, turning the congressional agenda of her husband President Néstor Kirchner into law.
Fernández won the presidency on her husband's record of poverty alleviation through increases in pensions and the minimum wage, buy generic Ultram, controls on services rates and the cost of public transport, Buy Ultram without a prescription, a strong stance against multilateral organizations, and an insular foreign policy outside Mercosur and Chile. She was also helped by her and her husband's masterful control of the left-wing of the Peronist Party - The Justicialistas Buy Ultram online without prescription, .
Her campaign, Ultram snort, alcohol iteraction, vague on proposals, Order Ultram online overnight delivery no prescription, was centered on "extending a hand to all Argentines." She now has four years to show Argentina and the world what she meant by her promises of inclusion, in a country where distrust of government runs deep, with deep economic cleavages among its provinces, online buying Ultram, and where many have not regained the middle class status they lost in the debacle.
This attitude seems to account for the lowest turnout in an election in the more prosperous provinces and urban centers since 1983, El Paso, Texas. Washington, D.C. Seattle, Washington, and the largest majorities among the poor who voted for Fernández.
To succeed and pass the presidency back to Néstor Kirchner in four years (as her opponents claim will happen), she will have to tackle four key challenges: an economy masked by doubtful measures of inflation and dependent on exports; energy dependence and insecurity; restive labor unions; and Argentina's foreign policy, marred by the specter of sovereign default and Kirchner's lack of interest in international relations.
Political necessity will demand that any economic decisions President Fernández makes take into account how and why Argentines voted, köpa Ultram online, Osta Ultram online, Jotta Ultram verkossa.
The poor periphery of the city of Buenos Aires, Buy cheap Ultram no rx, in the populous province of Buenos Aires, and the provinces of Jujuy, Salta, rx free Ultram, Tucumán, Canada, mexico, india, and Santiago del Estero, the poorest in the country, went solidly for the Justicialistas. The Justicialistas of Fernández also increased their control in the lower house of congress with 153 out of 230 seats, 125mg, 150mg, 200mg, 250mg.
By contrast, Ultram coupon, Córdoba, one of the wealthiest provinces, went solidly for Roberto Lavagna, Fort Worth, Texas. Denver, Colorado, Kirchner's former minister of finance. Comprar en línea Ultram, comprar Ultram baratos, Rosario also went to Fernández's opponents. So did the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina's capital, which went for Elisa Carrió, buy Ultram online no prescription, Cristina's major opponent, Kjøpe Ultram online, bestill Ultram online, and leader of the Coalición Cívica. Carrió will be a senator along with three others from Coalición Cívica. They will be vocal and effective government opponents, particularly regarding official corruption allegations against the Kirchner administration.
More than President Néstor Kirchner, Lavagna was the architect of Argentina's recovery. Lavagna's economic plan, where can i order Ultram without prescription, commonly labeled "soja y suerte" ("soy and luck") saved Argentina for further collapse. It was based on the largest sovereign default in Latin America's history; orthodox economic policies regarding public spending; and, 1000mg, 2000mg, by luck, a surge in global demand for Argentina's mineral and agricultural commodities, particularly by China, buy Ultram online cod, Asia, Nashville-Davidson, Tennessee. Portland, Oregon, and the US.
Lavagna engineered the settlement of the 2001-2002 bond default that resulted in bondholders getting US$0.20 cents on the dollar on bonds worth about US$80bn. Holders of the remaining US$20bn hope President-elect Fernández will be more willing than her husband to facilitate a settlement with the holdouts. However, they may not get their wish. At this writing, Fernández will keep Kirchner's finance minister, Miguel Gustavo Peirano, who, so far, is opposed to a new settlement, buy Ultram online without prescription.
Another key position in the cabinet is the Minister of Planning and Public Works. Although at this writing Fernández's cabinet remains a mystery, Julio de Vido will likely remain in this post. So will be about half of the current cabinet, 5mg, 50mg, 75mg, 100mg. Reading the tea leaves, Ultram price, this means that continuity will be Fernández priority. Election results indicate this is what Argentines voted for.
Argentina has shown average economic growth of 7.3%, fiscal and primary surpluses, acheter en ligne Ultram, acheter Ultram bon marché, US$44bn in foreign reserves to date, San Diego, California. Dallas, Texas. San Antonio, Texas, and export dollars at three pesos/US dollar. Despite these economic successes, the Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas y Censos - INDEC, shows that about 26% of Argentines, order Ultram from mexican pharmacy, or 10.4 million, Jacksonville, Florida, Columbus, Ohio, live in poverty, and 7.8%, or 5.1 million are unemployed, purchase Ultram online no prescription. This means that 15.5 million out of 40.4 million will be pressuring the government for policies that benefit them and that demand relaxation, Buy cheap Ultram, or disregard, of free market orthodoxy. Their demands are likely to be rowdy and disrupting.
Yet there needs to be a decrease in public spending of between 2.3% and 3.2% to stave inflation. This will be difficult to achieve. Public spending gets the credit for countering public unrest and decreasing unemployment from 25% at the time of the collapse to 7.8% today.
Pressure continues to build by privatized companies for utility rate increases and increases in public transport. Government mandated restrictions in prices have kept services and transport rates artificially low. Buy Ultram online without prescription, They will have to increase if service is to continue, avoid recent black-outs, and prevent the exit of companies from these sectors.
Services and transport increases will stoke demands for higher wages by labor unions, some of the Kirchners strongest supporters. Expected labor rate increases could be between 17%-20%. Increases in services rates could be between 15%-20%. The inflationary pressures will be enormous, Ultram samples, on top of a current inflation that many analysts believe is running at 18%-20%/year, Order Ultram no prescription, despite government claims that inflation remains under control at 8.9%.
Denial of union demands is likely to lead to "piqueteros" (demonstrators) on the streets, with the concomitant decline in production and concerns for public safety. This will make it difficult for Fernández to convince foreign investors that Argentina is a safe place to invest, buy Ultram without prescription, particularly in the critical sectors of energy and critical infrastructure where internal investment lacks.
Energy Dependence and Insecurity
Energy security and independence are critical to Argentina's economic performance. Given Argentina's dependence on Bolivia for about 60% of its natural gas imports, Austin, Texas, Memphis, Tennessee, the cornerstone of the economy sits on precarious ground.
Reticence by non-Latin American foreign investors and heavy dependence on gas imports from Bolivia are delaying investment in the energy sector. Yet it is badly needed. Energy dependence places Argentina's recovery at great risk should there be supply disruptions in Bolivia. This situation will be aggravated if Bolivia raises prices on natural gas exports to satisfy internal demands in Bolivia.
YPFB (Yacimientos Petrolíferos Fiscales Bolivianos) agreed to sell ENARSA (Energía Argentina) 28Mmcm (million cubic meters)/day of gas beginning in 2010. However, the Purchase and Sales Agreement (PSA) stipulates that if Bolivia, for whatever reason can't provide this amount, where can i buy Ultram online, the delivery date will be 2011.
YPFB is obligated to export 4.6Mmcm/day to Argentina in 2007 and 2008; 7.7 Mmcm/day in 2009; going to 27.7 Mmcm/day in 2010 and remaining at this level through 2030. Imports from 2007-2009 cost US$3.50/MBtu, New York. Los Angeles, California, increasing to US$5.00/MBtu from 2010 to 2030. However, this assumes the Argentinean economy will remain at the current level of development and Bolivia will continue to export natural gas at current levels. Neither condition can be guaranteed.
Another insecurity factor is the lack of reliability of Bolivia's energy contracts, Ultram withdrawal, or contracts in general. The nationalization of Bolivia's hydrocarbons industry showed that contracts have little legal weight in Bolivia; it has amended them at will, Ultram pharmacy, paying the lowest possible market value for nationalized foreign property.
Although so far Evo Morales seems likely to end his constitutionally mandated, four-year presidential term in two years (one of the few Bolivian governments to do so, Chicago, Illinois. Houston, Texas, if it happens), Online buy Ultram without a prescription, no one can predict the future of Bolivia's energy sector given the opposition to Morales in Santa Cruz and Tarija, the provinces richest in natural gas and oil. They want to secede from the central government and pursue their own internal and regional energy policy.
Energy companies are investing in places riskier than Bolivia (Nigeria) in search of hard-to-find oil and natural gas resources. However, they still want more or less dependable contracts, something difficult to obtain in Bolivia. Therefore, Argentina can't count on Bolivia keeping its supply contracts if production does not meet national targets of reserves and production, where foreign direct investment is needed, buy Ultram online without prescription.
Another problem is the forthcoming constitutional reform in Bolivia, order Ultram online c.o.d, if Sucre and Lima finally settle their dispute over which will be the country's capital. The spat between Sucre and Lima over capital status is holding up the work of the Constituent Assembly charged with drafting the new constitution.
Argentina can't afford to forget that Evo Morales is committed to Bolivia first, Købe Ultram online, αγοράζουν online Ultram, and to his commercial partners second.
Electricity shortages and black-outs and disruptions in public transport will only add to insecurity concerns.
Security of investments and personal security are keys to attracting foreign investment, Indianapolis, Indiana, San Francisco, California. Therefore, Ultram over the counter, curtailing the growing insecurity in the province of Buenos Aires and in the capital, Buenos Aires must be a priority of the national and local governments.
Buy Ultram online without prescription, Despite thousands of tourists who pour into BA daily and foreigners who relocate to BA, BA is not the safe city it used to be prior to the economic collapse. Petty crimes and assaults are common, particularly against foreigners in the major tourists' areas. This is not an incentive to investment. The newly elected governor of the Province of Buenos Aires, Daniel Scioli, has made security its first priority. No doubt he will be aided by the head of BA's government, Mauricio Macri.
If President Fernández wants to attract FDI and restore Argentina's credibility in the global financial markets, purchase Ultram online, she needs to make good on the outstanding bonds, reach out to the international community, and put relations with Brazil on a higher plane. This is crucial as Brazil will have a new president halfway into Fernández's term. How she will handle Argentina's perennial squabbles with Brazil over Mercosur, the accession of Chávez's Venezuela to full membership in the customs union, and Mercosur's weakened position remains to be seen.
The lack of a foreign policy platform precludes knowing how President Fernández will handle Argentina's relations with the US and the rest of the world, including the Latin American countries ignored by Néstor Kirchner.
President Fernández has the challenge of redirecting President Kirchner's relations with Venezuela outside of Mercosur, particularly if Venezuela's opposition succeeds in weakening Chávez's hold on power, unlikely now but possible in the coming four years. Cuba will be another challenge if Fidel dies, the US intervenes in Cuba, and Cuba becomes unstable. Néstor Kirchner dispensed with protocol and was barely cordial to the Bush Administration and his close ally in Latin America, Colombia's Alvaro Uribe. His off-hand relations with Uribe were puzzling given that Argentina is one of Colombia's largest foreign direct investors.
Mending fences with the US over the close relationship formed by Kirchner with Chávez can only help. To do this Fernández does not have to bow to the US, but she needs to understand the US has legitimate interests in South America, as does Argentina.
Fernández's election does not mean the establishment of alternate presidencies in Argentina - Fernández-Kirchner, Kirchner-Fernández, and so on. The fragmented opposition of today has four years to regroup and form a united front against the Justicialistas.
The only way Fernández can facilitate a transition back to Kirchner is if she can handle the economic, labor, energy, and foreign policy challenges in a way that most Argentines would approve of four years from now, and if the world economy continues to demand Argentina's exports at today's levels, or more.
Nothing is written in stone in Latin America, least of all the success of Fernández's presidency in Argentina.
Next posting on 1-5 December 2007
Until next time. Hasta Luego y Buena Suerte. Até Logo e Boa Sorte.
Maria Velez de Berliner, President, Latin Intelligence Corporation
email@example.com; Tel: 001-703-212-8589; www.lat-intel.com
Copyright © 2007, Notice This©, by Maria Velez de Berliner and Latin Intelligence Corporation. All rights reserved, including the right of reproduction in whole or in part in any form.
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